Does the thought of speaking in front of others send you running in the opposite direction? You’re not alone. Many people avoid public speaking at all costs – and there is a cost. Public speaking is one of the quickest, most efficient ways to market yourself, your message, business, or cause. Those who are willing to make presentations immediately stand out from the majority who are not. Whether it’s an audience of five people or 500, it’s worth it to invest in your skills.
I’m convinced that anyone can improve and gain confidence by following a few simple techniques:
- Know Your Audience. Most presentations fail because the speaker never took the time to find out anything about his audience. Knowing your audience means finding out as much information as possible in advance so that you can successfully match your message to their interests and needs. Helpful information includes: gender breakdown, average age, and their current or past experience with your topic. If it’s not possible to learn your audience in advance, then at the very least, arrive early and spend a few minutes meeting people. Or, begin your presentation by asking some general questions like, “Who has experience with…?” This also helps to calms nerves as you are taking the focus off you, and putting it on your audience where it belongs.
- Forget Memorizing. One of the biggest fears I’ve heard from my clients is that they’ll freeze up and forget what comes next. That can happen if you try to memorize your entire speech. All it takes is forgetting one word to trip you up. Instead, only memorize the opening and closing. Looking directly at your audience when you start and finish makes a strong, positive impression. For the middle section, it’s fine to glance at note cards with bullet points, or refer to your PowerPoint presentation to jog your memory. Do not, however, write out your whole speech word for word! You’ll be tempted to read it instead of connecting with your audience.
- Open with a Bang. It’s important to grab attention immediately. A good opening sparks interests, sets expectations, previews what’s to come, and offers benefits. There are several ways to start: ask a question, tell a story, humor (careful with this one unless you’re naturally funny), quotes, dramatic statistics, or music/video. Give your audience a reason to listen, and build your credibility as the best person to be speaking on this topic
- Make it Memorable. Signposting is a way to help your audience follow and remember what you’re saying. Phrases that focus listening are: “The point is this,” and “The most important thing to remember is.” Another strategy is to number your points as in, “I’ll be offering three ideas, the first one is…”
- Use Silence. Audiences need time and space to digest your information. Silence in speaking is like the white space on a written page; without it, the information is overwhelming. Pause at the end of your sentences and after delivering a dramatic point. It will increase the impact of your message.
- Encourage Participation. Back in school, who didn’t dread the teacher who lectured non-stop or the church pastor who droned on and on? What was missing was audience participation. Include your audience through questions, exercises, and inviting their ideas. Not only will it keep people more interested, it will take the pressure off you to carry the whole load.
- In Closing. Audiences are most likely to remember the last thing they hear. A strong closing should be memorized and review your main points. Motivate the audience to do something – take an action, ask a question, have an emotional response, or think